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These awareness-raising activities have ceased since the end of the war in , especially as the Sri Lankan Tamil diaspora is divided on the question of which path to follow today. While most of the demonstrations led by the diaspora during the last hours of the civil war took place mostly in front of embassies or in public places Miller et al. The Mauritian case shows how the political situations in South India and Sri Lanka provide meaningful arguments for domestic political competitions, with issues being recalled during temple celebrations.
Conversely, the diaspora temples of Sri Lankan Tamils, such as those in Montreal, Paris or the Batu Caves, lend international visibility to their national conflict. In fact, as places for community gatherings and for expressing Tamil political identity, overseas temples are seemingly places that are unequalled in the Tamil diasporic space, which confirms their status of hauts lieux.
Hauts lieux of transnational flows and spatial rhetoric 45For those interested in the genesis of overseas Tamil temples, in the exchanges they engender, or even in their inner space, some of these temples appear to be hauts lieux of transnational relations between diasporic communities, as well as religious sites whose sanctity is partly based on identification with the holy places of the homeland. Concerning overseas Tamil temples, those built over the past thirty years have benefited from the intensification and acceleration of transnational exchanges.
Nevertheless, not all the temples of the Tamil diaspora receive transnational support, starting with those founded in the plantations during the colonial period, which have been, and still are, based on a much more local mobilization.
Figure 6. Two architects stapati specialising in the construction of agamic temples were chosen. They came from Tamil Nadu. Thus we can already see a first diasporic aspect of the construction of this temple, but the transnational dimension of this religious haut lieu in Montreal does not stop there.
Moreover, the construction of the temple received the support of about twenty temples and Tamil religious organizations from all over the world: five based in Tamil Nadu, four in Sri Lanka Jaffna district , five in Canada, one in Malaysia, another in London, one in Australia, one in Hawaii and one in New Zealand.
Furthermore, its construction mobilized a fairly representative—though not exhaustive—network of the Tamil migratory space, in which the countries of origin, India and Sri Lanka, appear to be logically the main poles. There were indeed three levels and three types of diasporic spaces that intersected to create this haut lieu. It was only when this local mobilization had been achieved that other actors could be mobilized on other scales, i.
Thus, although all Canadian or diasporic Tamil temples did not benefit from such a degree of involvement when they were founded, this example shows how building an overseas temple today can bring together a wide range of actors scattered over the Tamil migratory space by combining local, national and transnational involvements. Priests on the move 51Temples are also poles and anchorage points for numerous movements within the Tamil migratory space.
They encourage international movement for religious-tourist purposes generally though not exclusively to India. There are indeed other international poles of Hindu religious tourism, such as the great sanctuary in the Batu Caves in Malaysia or other ones in Mauritius, which are visited by pilgrims from India and the diaspora. These priests travel abroad on a work contract which may last from several years to only a few days, in the case of religious festivals.
Some return to India at the end of their contract, like T. Gurukal 15 , an Indian priest who usually works in Chennai and who has been twice to Canada, each time for two years between and , as officiating priest at a Tamil temple. The referent priest from the Canadian temple came to Chennai to ask for his assistance at the temple and fully funded his stays. On both occasions, T.
Gurukal left his family behind, like the majority of Tamil priests officiating in the countries of the diaspora, as he never envisaged settling there. Others, such as V. Ayyapan, have more diverse routes. The latter usually officiates in a village in Tamil Nadu, but he also worked in Kuala Lumpur in , the following year in Singapore and then for five years in Mauritius , where his family circle is well represented.
He is very motivated by his life as a mobile priest, and would like to go to London or to Italy where he has some contacts, to return to Kuala Lumpur or even to work in North India for a while, although in his case too, his family remains behind in Tamil Nadu each time he travels. This is notably the case of the referent priest of the great temple of Montreal, as well as many other priests working in Mauritius or even France. The priest at a Parisian temple, for example, settled in the capital after becoming referent priest and marrying a French Tamil, which enabled him to apply for dual nationality.
Before that, he had worked in Singapore, Malaysia and India, which confirms the diversity in the movement of these priests in the Tamil migratory space. Now a father, he no longer wishes to return to Sri Lanka where the Tamil situation remains complicated. Many of them also benefit from political refugee status, especially in Western countries, which allows them to stay. These moves are much more recent and marginal.
Some of them go there for their ordination ceremony after having trained at new schools for priests based in Mauritius, which are affiliated with Perur monastery. This link between Mauritian Tamils and the temple-monasteries in Tamil Nadu must be taken into consideration as a new aspect of the relationship between the temples and the Tamil migratory space.
However, overseas Tamilians have recourse to another effective tool for this purpose: the temple replica. Replicas worldwide 60The final major aspect of the relationship between overseas temples and the Tamil migratory space concerns the replicas of homeland shrines in host countries. Many studies on diasporic Hinduism have insisted on the adaptations of religious practices, but logics of replication and imitation of existing temples also deserve attention because they reinforce the cognitive relationship between the Tamils of the diaspora and the holy land of origin.
Indeed, increasingly complex temple replicas appear in different corners of the migratory space, and some go as far as representing this transnational space in the ritual space of their own sanctuary. Nevertheless, these two temples do not share the same founding myth and have no officially established rituals or architectural links.
One of the most sacred sites in Tamil Nadu, a visit here is sure to provide you with an unmatched experience of solace and divinity. Each ratha is believed to have been dedicated to a Pandava brother from the times of Mahabharata. With every ratha carved in different shape and size, adorning captivating sculptures of animals, humans and gods; the architecture of these structures provide you with a deep insight into the architectural skills of the sculptors during the Pallava rule.
Unlike other temples of the region that have been carved out of monolithic rocks, this temple was made from granite blocks and stands as one of the earliest examples of stone built temples in South India. The inner sanctum of the temple enshrines a Shivling. Also, a shrine dedicated to Lord Vishnu with an image of him reclining on the Sheshnag can be seen adorning the inner walls.
The outer courtyard of the temple is decorated with multiple sculptures of Nandi bull. Located on the shores of Bay of Bengal overlooking the azure waters of the never-ending ocean, the temple not only showcases the artistic brilliance of the artisans of the bygone times but also the royal taste of the Pallava kings. A visit to Mahabalipuram is incomplete without witnessing its gigantic bas-relief works carved out of granite blocks dating back to the 7th century.
No one knows when this temple came into existence. According to a legend, Once Lord Shiva standing between the horns of Nandi gave his divine darshan to sage Patanjali and Vyaghrapada at the place where this temple stands today. Another legend says that Lord Indra killed the son of Venus- Shukracharya who was performing yagna for demons. Lord Indra incurred the sin of Brahmahathi Dosha. To get rid of this sin he worshipped Lord Shiva, it is here at Papanasam Indra came to pray and only by entering its borders he got rid of his sin.
Devotees from all over the world came here to atone for their sins and get the divine blessings of Lord Shiva. Picturesque views of Dams, water bodies, Agastyar waterfall and mountain range add to the serenity of this place. Kalakad mundanthurai Tiger reserve is one of the best places to visit here.
This divine temple dates back to the 8th century BC. It was built by King Villi who saw Lord Vishnu in his dreams asking him to build a temple dedicated to him. The temple is associated with the legend of two saints Periyalwar and Andal. Interesting Legend As per the legends Andal who is an incarnation of Goddess Earth — Bhoodevi, was 5 years old was found in the temple garden Nandanavanam of Periyalwar. As he had no children of his own, he adopted Andal.
Once Andal wore the garland in the absence of Periyalwar meant for Lord Vadabadrasayee and then replaced the garland in the flower basket. Periyalwar, unaware of this, offered the garland to Lord Vadabadrasayee. This continued for some time. One day Periyalwar caught Andal and was extremely upset by seeing her doing this sacrilegious act.
Since then, the garland adorn by Andal is offered to Lord Vadabadrasayee. Aadippoorem , the birthday of Andal is the most popular festival celebrated in the month of July- August. Devotees from all over the world visit this sacred shrine to get the divine blessing of Lord Vishnu and Andal and embrace solace and divine bliss. The presiding deity of this temple is the five-headed Naga God and is visited by hordes of devotees, especially on Sundays when a special Pooja is performed offering milk and turmeric to the deity.
Highlights The temple sees an uncountable footfall of people suffering from Naga Dosha during the Tamil month of Avani August and September when some distinct rituals are performed for 12 days. Delightful Legends of significance According to folk tales and legends, once a village girl was cutting grass in the area when all of a sudden, she noticed blood oozing out of her axe after accidentally hitting a stone.
She hurriedly went to the village and brought a few villagers here, out of which one villager recognized the stone as an idol of a five headed snake. Thereafter, the temple dedicated to Nagaraja was built with its walls made of mud and roof made of coconut leaves. The main sanctum of the temple still has these mud walls and thatched roof with the small stone idol of Nagaraja placed on the soil. The soil underneath the idol remains wet as it is believed that the blood is still oozing out of the deity till date.
It is believed that this soil holds special powers and can cure any skin ailments; the soil is also given as prasadam to the visitors of the temple. Temple Architecture The architecture of the temple is quite simple with scores of sculptures and images of different snakes adorning the walls, trees and pond around.
The main sanctum enshrines the deity and is guarded by two huge statues of five-headed serpents. Inside the temple premises, you will also find Shivling and idol of Vishnu on Anant Shayana position. One of the very unique temples in India located amidst tranquil and peaceful settings, a visit here is sure to leave you with a blissful experience.
The idol of the presiding deity is in the form of a charming young girl with rosary in her right hand. With this boon in hand, he caused great agony to Devas who in turn worshipped Goddess Parvati to get them relieved from the harassment of the demon king. As an answer to the prayers of Devas, Goddess Parvati appeared in the form of a young girl and performed a penance for Lord Shiva on the confluence of these three oceans to kill Banasura.
Enchanted with the beauty of KanyaKumari, Banasura tried to force her into marriage that resulted in a fierce battle ending in his death. The idol of the deity is believed to be the same that was installed by Parshuram. The nose ring adorned by the deity has another story associated; it is believed that the diamonds of the nose ring are so bright that in the past, few ships sailing in the sea mistook the brilliance of these diamonds as light from a lighthouse resulting in their wreckage upon the nearby rocks.
Since those accidents, the eastern door sea facing of the temple remains closed. One of the famous pilgrim destinations in Tamil Nadu, a visit to this temple is sure to leave you blessed with peace and prosperity.
Temple Timings- am — pm and pm — pm Other Interesting Blog to Read Thillai Nataraja Temple, Chidambaram- Be one with the God Panchabhuta The temple is believed to have been built during the time of Pallava rule in the 11th century and further renovations were made during Cholas, Pandyas and Vijayanagara reign.
The roof of Chitsabha is made of gold and is believed to have been built during the Chola rule. The temple also has a shrine for Sivakamasundri known as the Sivakami Amman Temple and a pillared hall designed in the form of a chariot. Dating back to the Chola period, the temple and the hall are adorned with figures of dancers, drummers and musicians on the walls. The lofty gopurams of the temple ornamented with carvings of Hindu gods, various manifestations of Lord Shiva and dancers representing postures of Bharatnatyam, are also a sight to behold.
One of the most significant temples for Shaivites, a visit here is sure to provide you with an inner peace and solace. Temple Timings — 6. The structure of the temple dates back to the 9th century when South India was under the rule of the Chola dynasty.
Further additions were made to the temple by the Vijayanagara kings during the 15th century. Architectural Marvel Located on the foot of Annamalai hills, the temple spreads across an area of 25 acres and is built in typical Dravidian architectural style.
The Rajagopuram of the temple stands tall at a height of feet and can be seen from even a far-off distance. This tiered gopuram with intricate carvings showcases the artistic brilliance of the Vijayanagara artisans. Inside the temple complex, you will find 6 concentric enclosures with each enclosure housing shrines of various deities. The innermost enclosure has the sanctum that enshrines the Agni Lingam, the presiding deity of the temple.
Popular Festival Huge processions accompanied with drummers, dancers and people dressed in vibrant attires, this festival provides you with a colourful spectacle also, giving you an opportunity to get an insight into different rituals and customs of South Indian temple festivals. Temple timings- 5. Standing tall in its stunning beauty and grandeur, the temple is truly a sight to behold.
Temple of Fascinating Beauty The astoundingly outstanding carvings, sculptures, artwork and exquisite lighting work done by these artisans on the walls, ceiling and pillars of the temple is sure to leave you awestruck. The glittering reflection of the temple in the water body surrounding it, during night is just beyond words and is sure to leave you enchanted with its hypnotising beauty.
The pathways leading to the main temple are designed in the shape of a star with each pathway adorned with messages from the Gita, Bible and Quran. As you walk along the pathways, taking in the essence of these messages, you are enlightened with deep wisdom and knowledge. Crossing the pathways and pillared halls, devotees get the darshans of Maha Lakshmi enshrined in the inner sanctum. You would be amazed to know that the deity of Maha Lakshmi itself is made of 70 kilograms of gold.
It is believed that Lord Murugan here fulfils the wishes of all his true devotees and therefore, the temple is visited by hundreds of people every day. The temple has a special place amongst the devotees wishing to purchase a new house or property. Beliefs The presiding deity of the temple is of Lord Murugan standing tall at a height of 4.
Outside the sanctum sanctorum, a sculpture of peacock made with green emerald is also held to be religiously significant. A shrine in the temple complex, dedicated to Lord Murugan and his consort, Devi Valli depicted in wedlock, is visited by many devotees wishing to get married; praying here on the day of Poosam star is believed to be highly auspicious and fulfils the wish of marriage for all boys and girls.
The falls cover a large area with many separate streams which flow into a single space. You can opt to have a day tour at the Hogenakkal waterfalls or stay back at the hotels and resorts located nearby. The town opens into the ocean and marks the end of the Indian mainland.
This famous tourist place in Tamilnadu, also receives a significant number of tourists every year. The town has close ties with the Indian mythology of Mahabharata, and is a popular pilgrimage for devotees of Shaktism. Swami Vivekananda has been said to have attained enlightenment on the rock at the sea beach in Kanyakumari. Today the site is known as the Vivekananda Rock Memorial. Places to visit in Tamil Nadu 8: Kanchipuram Kanchipuram is yet another Hindu pilgrimage site which is among the famous places in Tamilnadu.
The town is also the seat of the textile and silk weaving industry. The famous Indian sarees of Kanchipuram are woven here by the local artisans. The city is also known for its old temples and archaeological sites, which deserve a special place in the itinerary.
A visit to the local looms and trying out the local cuisines at eateries is also a must when visiting Kanchipuram. This temple city has an impressive number of temples known for their colourful hues and prominent sculpting. The temples and the intricate patterns on its towers are exemplary of the artistic genius of old artisans.
The Meenakshi Temple is a favourite among the Hindus of India and receives hundreds of devotees. Situated between the Western Ghats and the River Noyyal, the city is famous for its cotton textile industry. The beautiful scenic beauty of Coimbatore is truly unmatched.
Additionally, it is one of the safest cities in India and offers perfect residential conditions for settling down. You can take a short trip to Coimbatore and rejuvenate your mind with all the tourist attractions it has to offer. The recently erected Maha Shiva Adiyogi Statue stands at ft and has become a top tourist place in Coimbatore.
A visit to the local looms is also a must here. Tanjore paintings are world-famous and considered to be one of the finest forms of art. This ancient kingdom from the 11th century was constructed by the Chola kingdom and still continues to mesmerise tourists with its rock-cut structure.
There is also the Thanjavur Maratha palace which was the seat of the Bhonsle royal family. This quaint town is one of the best places to visit in Tamil Nadu, because of its scenic beauty. This town is essentially filled with tea estates which can be explored by tourists.
The spectacular views of the Nilgiri Hills are also a sight to behold. Nature lovers and photographers will be in awe of the place and capture some great shots from various viewpoints. Additionally, the train ride from Coonoor to Ooty will take you through the most beautiful railway routes in India. The beautiful green tea gardens and the variety of flora and fauna will leave you spellbound. The city is located in the Nagapattinam district and on the Coromandel Coast of India.
This popular tourist spot receives millions of devotees a year who travel to the Basilica of Our Lady of Good Health, a Roman Catholic shrine. The church has a mix of gothic and Portuguese architecture, which can be witnessed when one travels to the city.
The Basilica is exemplary of the mindful artistry that makes this spiritual place a site of peace and solitude. The small town in the Tiruchirapalli district rises 1, metres above sea level and contains some beautiful places of interest. The town is a popular gateway where you can spend some quality time at resorts at budget prices. You can visit Kolli Malai for a day tour or choose to stay back to enjoy the calm of the hills. It is 1KM away from the Tiruvannamalai bus stand.
It has four phenomenal Gopurams or gateway towers. The temple was built in the year AD. The temple style was Pallava architecture. Notably, the numerous sculptures carved on the walls of the temple attract everyone. It is the 3rd home of Murugan. Shiva put up a contest for Gnanapazham.
Murugan lost to Ganesha in that game and went to the top of Palani hill shouting at everyone. The temple is located in the Dindigul district. You have to climb steps to get blessings from Murugan. There are also Rope Cars and Train facilities available.
The temple was built in the 7th century by Dravidian architecture. To reach the temple one must walk around 30 minutes. No photography and mobile allowed. Most importantly, the temple is located on acres of land. It is located in Chidambaram, Cuddalore district. The temple architecture is a Dravidian style. The temple was built in the 10th century for Nadaraja Shiva. The temple is built with Dravidian architecture and one of the Divya Desams dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
Local people believe that this is the birthplace of Periyalvar and Andal. The temple attracts more tourists and devotees on Sundays, Tuesdays and Fridays. After the Palani Murugan Temple, Samayapuram is the second wealthiest temple. This is the second home of Arupadai Veedu for Lord Murugan. This is 40KM away from Thoothukudi. It is located in the Bay of Bengal. The temple is open from 5 AM to 9 PM. The Architecture fully designed by Pallavas.
Mahabalipuram has the only seashore temple. Arulmigu Ramanathaswamy Temple, Rameswaram Ramanathaswamy temple in Rameswaram is a famous temple because of its location. And also it is one of the 12 jyotirlingas.
Best tourist places in Tamil Nadu Here is a list of Tamil Nadu tourist places with images to help you plan the perfect itinerary: Tamil Nadu tourist places 1: Chennai Chennai is the capital city of Tamil Nadu. Chennai is among the top places to visit in Tamil Nadu, since it contains some of the most popular tourist attractions in the state. The beaches of Chennai are a special attraction. The Marina beach especially is a place of festivities with hundreds of shops selling locally handmade items.
The street food stalls here also have some delectable local snacks which can be enjoyed with friends and family. Source: Pinterest Rameshwaram is a popular pilgrimage site for Hindus in India. Every year the site receives thousands of devotees who come here and offer worship at the Ramanathaswamy Temple. The Pamban Bridge, which connects Rameshwaram with the mainland of India, is extremely picturesque and runs over water through 2. These bridges support the travel route for trains and vehicles.
The bridge offers some stunning views of the Bay of Bengal. Rameshwaram has even found relevance in the Ramayana. Located around 2, metres above sea level, this hill station with its scenic beauty and marvellous waterfalls is an ideal place to visit in Tamilnadu. Kodaikanal lies between the Parappar and Gundar Valleys and offers an escape from the harsh summer heat of the Indian subcontinent.
The place has a large number of resorts which cater to tourists visiting the place for some peace and quiet. The Coakers Walk in Kodaikanal is known for its breathtaking sunsets and scenic views of the lush green hills. Best places to visit in TamilNadu 4: Ooty Ooty is another hill station in Tamil Nadu famous for its lush green hills and beautiful flower gardens.
This town has been a popular Bollywood setting for countless films. The stunning tea gardens and step farming on the hillside are a sight to behold. The place still has some remaining architectural influences from colonial times when the hill station was a popular summer resort. The green hills and abundant waterfalls continue to mesmerise tourists and offer them an escape from concrete jungles.
Famous places in Tamil Nadu 5: Mahabalipuram Mahabalipuram is a popular tourist place due to its rich historical and architectural heritage. This town has been the seat of archaeological interests in the state. Several shore temples from the 7th and 8th centuries have been found by the seaside and excavated by the authorities.
These heritage sites have been converted into tourist spots for people to come and marvel at the beautiful temples from the Pallava Dynasty. This Tamil Nadu tourist place also finds significance in religious texts like the Mahabharata, and people flock to the site to behold the ruins of the old kingdom that once was. This is now one of the best tourist places in Tamilnadu due to its magnificent waterfall. The Hogenakkal waterfall is truly a sight to behold and is a popular picnic spot among tourists.
The falls cover a large area with many separate streams which flow into a single space. You can opt to have a day tour at the Hogenakkal waterfalls or stay back at the hotels and resorts located nearby. The town opens into the ocean and marks the end of the Indian mainland. This famous tourist place in Tamilnadu, also receives a significant number of tourists every year.
The town has close ties with the Indian mythology of Mahabharata, and is a popular pilgrimage for devotees of Shaktism. Swami Vivekananda has been said to have attained enlightenment on the rock at the sea beach in Kanyakumari. Today the site is known as the Vivekananda Rock Memorial.
Places to visit in Tamil Nadu 8: Kanchipuram Kanchipuram is yet another Hindu pilgrimage site which is among the famous places in Tamilnadu. The town is also the seat of the textile and silk weaving industry. The famous Indian sarees of Kanchipuram are woven here by the local artisans. How to find the return distance between two places?
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