investing in renewable energy in south africa
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Investing in renewable energy in south africa

Seeking to manage the budget, the government of South Africa has been reducing subsidies to coal production and coal-based electricity. This has raised the price of electricity in the country. Despite this, in all renewable power stations in the country consisted of 3 wind farms with a combined output of less than 10 MW. South Africa has a goal of 19 GW of renewable energy capacity by The first 3.

In seeking international financing, the South African government and SARi developed a list of best practices. SEFA also develops flagship blended-finance initiatives in the sector. It played a catalytic role in the preparation and financial close of the Africa Renewable Energy Fund — one of the first pan-African equity funds in the market.

It also played a key role in establishing the Facility for Energy Inclusion — a debt financing platform for small-scale renewables across the continent. Scope: SEFA supports interventions across three strategic priorities: Green baseload: Increasing the penetration of renewable energy in power systems, with a strong focus on power system stability, and delivering alternatives to fossil-fuel baseload generation options.

Green mini-grids: Accelerating electricity access to underserved populations through clean energy mini-grid solutions. Energy efficiency: Improving the efficiency of energy services delivered through a variety of technologies and business models, also including clean cooking and pico-solar technologies.

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A number of bid windows have been implemented to procure renewable energy resources. This determination calls for a procurement allocation of 6 MW for onshore wind and solar photovoltaic generators. It also caters for MW of energy storage, contributing to a total procurement of 11 MW when other technologies besides renewable energy are taken in to account. End of tab panel Hydro Power In South Africa, there is a mix of small hydroelectricity stations and pumped water storage schemes.

In a pumped water storage scheme, water is pumped up to a dam. Pumping the water uses some electricity but this is done in off-peak periods. During peak hours, when extra electricity is needed, the water is released through a turbine that drives an electric generator. Peak hours are usually between six and eight in the morning and evening.

These have been proven feasible through a number of projects for operating facilities within farming communities. The Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal are endowed with the best potential for the development of small, i. The advantages and attractiveness of these plants are they can either be standalone or in a hybrid combination with other renewable energy sources. Advantages can also be derived from the association with other uses of water water supply, irrigation, flood control, etc.

In addition to this generation option providing clean energy, the regional development drivers are compelling, especially given that currently there is very little energy trade between these countries due to the lack of infrastructure. The potential for intra-SADC trade is huge as it opens economic trade in other sectors. Naturally, concerns must be addressed about the risks associated with a project of this nature. South Africa does not intend to import power from one source beyond its reserve margin, as a mechanism to de-risk the dependency on this generation option.

Historically, South Africa imported electricity from the Cahora Bassa hydropower station in Mozambique and will do so again when the transmission line is repaired. There is also the potential to import more hydropower from countries such as Zambia, Zimbabwe and Zaire. If this happens, South Africa would become less dependent on coal-fired power stations. End of tab panel Wind Power Wind as an energy source is only practical in areas that have strong and steady winds.

South Africa has fair wind potential, especially along the coastal areas of Western and Eastern Cape. The Wind Atlas developed for South Africa provides a basis for quantifying the potential that wind holds for power generation elsewhere in the country- over and above the prevalence of the wind resource around the coastal areas. So far, most wind projects have been developed in the Western Cape and Eastern Cape. There are about 22 Wind farms in South Africa that are fully operational, with more than Wind Turbines spread out over three provinces.

This provides an installed capacity of an estimated 2 MW connected to the national grid. Additionally, 11 Wind farms are under construction, for an increased capacity of about 1 MW. An average SA Wind power plant size is End of tab panel Solar Power Most areas in South Africa average more than 2 hours of sunshine per year, and average solar-radiation levels range between 4.

The Southern African region, and in fact the whole of Africa, has sunshine all year round. The use of solar energy is the most readily accessible resource in South Africa. Annual photovoltaic PV panel-assembly capacity totals 5MW, and a number of companies in South Africa manufacture solar water-heaters.

Solar water-heating is used to a certain extent. One of its first big projects was a power plant producing 36 megawatts of solar CPV concentrator photovoltaics in the Eastern Cape Province. In all its bids failed, so the company generated income through consulting. It did research on the townships and rural areas where there was a need for development, and then used that information to advise clients on where to invest their money.

Among other things, Pele would help companies assess the best size for a project in a given community. Our business even today is not funded by anyone but us; everything we have is from our sweat. The founders had put all their savings in the company and had gone for months without pay. It was also imperative to find foreign partners with a winning formula. In South Africa the law encourages foreign companies to partner with local firms in this sector. Outsiders may hold majority stakes.

They divided it into three specialised entities—Pele Green Energy an independent producer of renewable energy , Pele Natural Energy which produces conventional fuels and Knowledge Pele a research and development implementation firm. Soon after the changes, the group won a number of government procurement bids.

Pele Green Energy, together with an Italian contractor, currently owns and operates generation facilities for megawatts of solar and wind power. Pele soon expanded beyond South Africa. Pele Natural Energy is co-owner of a natural gas-fired power plant in Mozambique.

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The Africa Renewable Energy Fund (AREF) invests into small hydro, wind, geothermal, solar, stranded gas and biomass projects across Sub-Saharan Africa (excluding South Africa). At .  · South Africa could realistically, and cost-effectively, supply 49% of its electricity mix from renewables by , nearly a third higher than the share to be expected from current .  · The current investment in renewable energy will provide a sustainable source of energy to , homes in South Africa. By South Africa will produce MW of .